Requirements and features in compliance processes

The Anti-Money Laundering Act (AMLA) defines conditions without specifying how or with what tools these are to be achieved. These conditions are known as requirements. One example is Article 6 of the AMLA, which requires financial intermediaries to clarify the background and aims of politically exposed persons (PEP). In order to do so, they may carry out research online, question the client and/or compare their client base with a commercial PEP list. This comparison with a PEP list is a feature of a compliance solution. It is important to distinguish between requirements and features when it comes to digitalizing processes.

Process digitalization usually constitutes a complex restructuring project. Put simply, the individual steps are as follows: (1) Use of known, often familiar and trusted features. (2) The identification of the requirements that a particular feature is intended to fulfil demands a significant increase in abstraction, which does not always succeed at the first attempt. (3) A critical assessment of each requirement clarifies whether it is still up to date or whether it can be replaced by an alternative requirement. Examples of this are the expansion of the PEP concept through national PEP (in force since 2016) and the possibility of identifying clients online or using video.

Once the requirement has made clear what needs to be achieved, various options must be identified regarding how and in what order this can be done. As a rule, various optimality criteria such as cost, resources, risks, etc. come into play here. Once the new process has been defined, it is necessary to implement it. This requires suitable change management, as comprehensive, cross-divisional changes involving wide-ranging content often arise.

Complete Revision of the Federal Data Protection Act

The complete revision's draft of the Federal Data Protection Act is currently in political consultation. Data Protection is to be increased by giving people more control over their private data as well as reinforcing transparancy regarding the handling of confidential data.

Links: draft, report

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